Insight from Civil Society Engaging
with Science and Technology
Institutional and management aspects for up scaling
successful experiences in agriculture
by N K Sanghi
By and large, sufficient attention is paid to evolving
production technologies for development of agriculture as compared to designing
management approach as well as institutional framework at community level.
During the last two decades the production technologies have gone through a
major shift towards use of non-chemical inputs based upon locally available raw
materials (as compared to conventional technologies having chemical inputs based
on externally available raw materials). A number of successful experiences are
now available in different parts of the country with regard to the shift
indicated above. These experiences have been generated by a range of
organizations including not only GOs/NGOs but also innovative farmers and CBOs.
At present considerable efforts are made for up scaling above
experiences. It has been consistently observed that availability of local raw
material varies from place to place and also a range of options are feasible
even at a given place. This has led to the realization that greater emphasis
should be laid on sharing technological principles with the community rather
than fixed package of practices.
There is however a need to evolve similar principles for
institutional aspect so that local innovations are encouraged. There is however
a need to identify institutional principles (e.g. democratic decentralization,
transparency, equity, women empowerment, etc.) which could help in designing
need-based institutional framework depending upon the stage at which the
community is currently operating.
Likewise greater clarity is needed to evolve financial as
well as project management principles. At present there is a considerable
emphasis on (i) use of revolving fund through sustainable groups (rather than
one time subsidy to selected individuals) and (ii) adoption of project mode of
operation even in a large size programme (by keeping flexibility in its area of
operation as well as number of families). What is there beyond the above